WE ARE MADE RIGHTEOUS                                        

(Imputed righteousness)



We are  ... “Made righteous” (perfect).

Read Romans 5:12-21


Question . .  What is your understanding of the word “righteous” that is used in Rom 5:19? 

Answer . . .   It means to be innocent - one that is in right standing with God - faultless - guiltless - one who is approved and accepted by God -  one  who is innocent before the demands of the law - one who is  seen by  God as perfect.


Question  . . How can we acquire this righteousness?

Answer  . . .  Only by faith.  Read Romans 4:1-8 “Abraham believed  (had faith)  God and it was

                      counted (credited or imputed) to him as righteousness.


Question  . . .As a Christian, what might happen in my life that would turn God against me, and cause me to be unacceptable to Him?

Answer  . . .   “No one can snatch them out of My hand...”.  John 10:25-30; 

  “More than conquerors ...”.  Romans 8:28-39                                                                           

  “He who  began a good work in you, will carry it on to completion until the  day of Christ Jesus ...”.  Philippians 1:6

  “Sealed to the day of redemption ...”.  Ephesians 4:30                                                       

(There is eternal life for those who are in Christ Jesus).


John 18:9  “That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none”. (KJV)


John 6:35-40  “And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst. But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not. All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out. For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me. And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me, I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day”. (KJV)


Hebrews 10:14-17  “For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before, This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more”.

1 Peter 1:4-5   ”To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you, Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time”. (KJV)


Question  . . . Why does God demand that we be righteous or perfect in His eyes before we can gain entrance into the kingdom of heaven?

Answer . . .    “Nothing impure will ever enter heaven, nor will anyone  who does what  is shameful or deceitful”. Romans 5:19 says that  we are made righteous (by the obedience of Christ).  Revelations 21:27


Question  . . . We are saved by God’s grace through faith, therefore we can safely say that we have been saved from the curse of the law, (the soul that sins shall die) But it poses a question - How are we made righteous in the eyes of God?

Answer  . . . . God imputes (or declares) the righteousness of Christ to be the  believer’s  righteousness.  God credits it to the believer’s account.  Thus the doctrine is; “Christ our righteousness.  Therefore we are counted righteous by God, even while a sinner.  See  (2 Cor 5:21) “For He hath made Jesus, who knew no sin, to be sin for us (by imputing the sin of humanity to Him), that we may be made the righteousness of God in Him (Christ)”.


Imputed righteousness


Question  . . . What is the meaning of the word impute?

Answer  . . . The GRK word for impute means:  to declare - setting to one’s account - to proclaim a fact. 

The word impute or reckon is not founded in suppositions or maybe so’s, but is to be understood as factual and an unchangeable act (done deal).


Imputed righteousness through faith.


“But now a righteousness from God (Christ), apart from the law, has been made known to which the law and the prophets testify.  This righteousness from God comes (to the believer) by faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe” (Romans 3:21).

It is very important that it be clearly understood that men are not righteous in themselves:  “All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God” (Rom 3:23);  however, it is just as important to understand that Christ entered heaven itself now to appear for us as our righteousness in God’s presence, (Heb 9:24).   Therefore our father sees us as guiltless and as righteous as Christ, for he has become our righteousness, because God has reckoned (imputed) or declared it so.


“Because by one sacrifice, he has made perfect forever those who are being made holy”  (Heb 10:14).

“There is therefore now no condemnation to them which (by faith) are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the spirit”  (Rom 8:1).


Paul’s understanding of righteousness by faith, is simple trust in the grace of God manifest (as seen) in Christ with no claim to merit (good works).  The understanding of God’s grace becomes very visible as we  “Behold the Lamb of God”.

The man who is forgiven is not regarded as wicked for the Lord does not impute to him his iniquity, but he is reckoned as a child of God.  His sin is covered and he is counted as righteous.  (Rom 4:7) “Blessed are they whose sins are forgiven, and whose sins are covered”.  Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.   See (Philippians 3:9).




1st Imputation

The sin of Adam was imputed to the human race (all men).

          a) The sin - Broke God’s command  (ate from the forbidden tree).

          b) Judgment - The day you eat of this tree you shall die.

          c) Results - He and Eve did die, in that they were separated from the presence of God, this is spiritual death. And they later died by physical death.  This physical death and spiritual death would not have occurred had they been obedient.

          d) Consequences - The fall of mankind - all men damned.


Question . . . How did the sin of Adam bring damnation to all mankind, when mankind was yet to be born?

Answer . . . God imputed or declared that this punishment was to all that would come from his (Adam) seed.


“Therefore, just as sin entered the world (by imputation) through one man (Adam), and death through (Adam) sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned (through Adam)”  (Rom 5:12).


2nd Imputation


The second sense in which the word impute has been used in Christian doctrine is the reckoning of man’s sin to Jesus Christ.  “God made Him to be sin who knew no sin; so that in Him we might become the righteousness of God” (2 Cor 5:21).  In this classic text the apostle brings together the two truths of the doctrine of salvation.

The burden of man’s sin became Christ’s burden, and the righteousness of God or of Christ, became our righteousness.


It is not that Christ actually became a sinner, for all of the gospel contradicts that position.  It is rather by virtue of his identification with the human race, sin is reckoned or imputed to Him.  In 2 Cor 5:21 it says, “For He has made Him who knew no sin, to be sin for us, that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him”.  Our sin imputed to Christ and His righteousness imputed to us,  (by declaration of God or God’s imputation, or we might say God proclaimed it so).


Note - Again we must remember that God grants the sinner a new legal standing; he is counted righteous even while a sinner.  “For all of you who were  baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ” (Gal 3:27).


3rd Imputation


The third great imputation is Christ’s righteousness imputed to the believer who stands in faith.

     a) Mankind was under a curse - Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us.

     b) All who are in Adam (unbelievers) are now dead and without life.  They Have no fellowship with God.  All who are in Christ have already been resurrected from the dead and are now looked on by God as being perfect in His sight.  Through imputation - Christ has become for us our righteousness.

     c) It is scriptural to say that a person must be seen by God as sinless in  order to enter the kingdom of heaven and receive eternal life.

Calvin says - “The only righteousness acceptable to God is perfect obedience (100%) to the commandments of God”.


“Whosoever keeps the whole law and yet offends it at one point (breaks just one), he is guilty of having broke them all” (James 2:10).



1 Cor 1:30,31  “It is because of God that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us, wisdom, righteousness, and holiness”.

Romans 10:1-4  “Christ is the end of the law - so that there may be righteousness for everyone that believes”.

Romans 4:5-6  “However to the man who does not work (good works), but trust God who justifies the wicked, his faith is credited (imputed) as righteousness.  David says the same thing when he speaks of the blessedness of the man to whom God imputes (credits) righteousness apart from works”.

Phil 3:7-9  “ Paul said, he desired to gain Christ and be found in Him, not having a righteousness of his own, that comes from keeping the commandments, but by that which comes  (Imputed)  from God and is by faith”.


This righteousness imputed to the believer by God is forever.  We are to Christ a bride - It is inconceivable that Christ would ever divorce His bride.


In conclusion:

     1st - Adam’s sin imputed to mankind.

     2nd - Mankind’s sin imputed to Christ.

     3rd - Christ’s righteousness imputed to believers.


Therefore when God looks at the believer he only sees the righteousness of Christ, and this by His own design.  He sees a son who is yet a sinner, yet credits him as righteous as Himself and the Lord Jesus.

This is grace beyond our understanding.


The prophet Jeremiah said it well, when he proclaimed, “. . .And this is His name whereby He will be called,

The Lord our Righteousness”  (Isaiah 23:6).



                                                                              JESUS IS LORD


Mickey Thibodeaux